What is Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)?
LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) is a widely used and popular fuel that comprises of a flammable mixture of hydrocarbon gases. The 'Liquefied' aspect integrated in the term comes from the fact that the gas becomes liquefied when it's exposed to pressure or cooling.
LPG is widely traded on the market and offers mixes that are highly concentrated in Propane and Butane. The concentration level varies based on the uses, for purposes such as outdoor cooking and commercial applications propane will be better suited, on the other hand Butane is more suited for propellants, refrigerators, heaters in homes, etc.
However due to their dynamic properties a mixture of propane and butane is highly preferred.
Origins of LPG
LPG is a by- product of the various processes in oil production and is often destroyed through flaring or venting.
The first process of obtaining LPG is from the 'Extraction of Natural Gas' -When gas is extracted from the earth it's a combination of various gases and liquids such as ethane, propane, butane, etc. Therefore before it passes the criteria to be marketed these items are extracted and the gas is tested for wetness.
Afterwards it's passed on for 'refining'- this is where a significant percentage of LPG is produced as the oil is goes through various stages such as atmospheric distillation, reforming cracking, etc. However the percentage of LPG extracted from the oil will be significantly small.
LPG has great value, therefore after the refining process, waste material are still treated to produce what we know today as 'Renewable LPG' this form of LPG still fulfills the same purposes as LPG however it reduces the amount of carbon emissions.
USES of LPG
LPG is versatile and helps to fulfill millions of businesses and households daily objectives across the world. The following areas have seen significant contributions from LPG, they are:
powering the household so that heating can be provided, cooking can be done, etc.
LPG is the alternative choice of fuel for vehicles.
All ranges of businesses use LPG as their prime energy source to fulfill their daily duties.